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剑桥雅思12精听section3

剑桥雅思12句群精听·Section 3

Day 7-10 精听作业)

请复述标黑表达;

请背诵标黑表达以及划线表达上的生词;

请在最后一遍精听时不要看文本,集中注意力一气听完,期间如果走神,请及时调整注意力和录音同步。

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T5S3

英文精听

OK,?Stewart.?We?need?to?start?planning?our?paper?on public?libraries.

Have?you?thought?of?an?angle?yet?

Well,?there's?so?much?we?could?look?into.

How?libraries?have?changed?over?the?centuries,?for instance,?or?how?different?

countries?organise?them.

What?do?you?think,?Trudie?

Maybe?we?should?concentrate?on?this?country,?and?try?and?relate?the?changes?in?libraries?to external?developments,

like?the?fact?that?far?more?people?can?read?than?a?century?ago,?and?that?the?local?population may?speak?lots?of?different?languages.

We?could?include?something?about?changes?in?the?source?of?funding,?too.

Yes,?but?remember?we're?only?supposed?to?write?a?short?paper,?so?it's?probably?best?if?we?don't go?into?funding?in?any?detail.

Right.?Well,?shall?we?just?brainstorm?a?few?ideas,?to?get?started?

  1. We?obviously?need?to?look?at?the?impact?of?new?technology,?particularly?the

internet.

Now?that?lots?of?books?have?been?digitalised,?people?can?access?them?from?

their?own?computers at?home.

And?if?everyone?did?that,?libraries?would?be?obsolete.

Yes.?But?the?digitalised?books?that?are?available?online?for?free?are?mostly?out?of?copyright,?aren't?they?

And?copyright?in?this?country?lasts?for?70?years?after?the?author?dies.

So?you?won't?find?the?latest?best-seller?or?up-to-date?information.?That's?an?

important?point.

Anyway,?I?find?it?hard?to?concentrate?when?I'm?reading?a?long?text?on?a?screen.

I'd?much?rather?read?a?physical?book.?And?it?takes?longer?to?read?on?a?screen.

Oh,?I?prefer?it.?I?suppose?it's?just?a?personal?preference.

Mm.?I?expect?that?libraries?will?go?on?evolving?in?the?next?few?years.

Some?have?already?become?centres?where?community?activities?take?place,?like?

local?clubs meeting?there.

I?think?that'll?become?even?more?common.

I'd?like?to?think?so,?and?that?they're?still?be?serving?their?traditional?function,?but?I'm?not?so sure.

There?are?financial?implications,?after?all.

What?I'm?afraid?will?happen?is?that?books?and?magazines?will?all?disappear,?and?

there'll?just?be rows?and?rows?of?computers.

They?won't?look?anything?like?the?libraries?we're?used?to.

Well,?we'll?see.

I've?just?had?an?idea.

Why?don't?we?make?an?in depth?study?of?our?local public?library?as?

background?to?our?paper?

Yes,?that'd?be?interesting,?and?raise?all?sorts?of issues.

Let's?make?a?list?of?possible?things?we?could?ask about,?then?work?out?some?

sort?of?structure.

For?instance,?um,?we?could?interview?some?of?the?staff, and?find?out?whether?

the?library?has?its?own?budget,?or?if?that's?controlled?by?the?local council.

I?know?they?don't?allow?food,?but?I'd?love?to?find?out?what?types?of?noise?they?

ban,

there?always?seems?to?be?a?lot?of?talking,?but?never?music.

I?don't?know?if?that's?a?policy?or?it?just?happens.

Ah,?I've?often?wondered.

Then?there?are?things?like?how?the?library?is?affected?by?employment?laws.

I?suppose?there?are?rules?about?working?hours,?facilities?for?staff,?and?so?on.

Right.?Then?there?are?other?issues?relating?to?the?design?of?the?building?and?

how?customers?use it.

Like?what?measures?does?the?library?take?to?ensure?their?safety?

They'd?need?floor?coverings?that?aren't?slippery,?and?emergency?exits,?

for?instance.

Oh,?and?another?thing?-?there's?the?question?of?the?kind?of?insurance?the?library?needs?to?have,?in?case?anyone?gets?injured.

Yes,?that's?something?else?to?find?out

You?know?something?I've?often?wondered??What's?that?

Well,?you?know?they've?got?an?archive?of?local?newspapers?going?back?years?

Well,?next?to?it?they've?got?the?diary?of?a?well-known?politician?from?the?late?19th?century.

I?wonder?why?it's?there.

Do?you?know?what?his?connection?was?with?this?area?

No?idea.?Let's?add?it?to?our?list?of?things?to?find?out.

Oh,?I've?just?thought?-?you?know?people?might?ask?in?the?library?about?local?

organisations,?like sports?clubs?

Well,?I?wonder?if?they?keep?a?database,?or?whether?they?just?look?online.

Right.?I?quite?fancy?finding?out?what?the?differences?are?between?a?library?that's?open?to?the public?and?one?that's?part?of?a?museum,

for?example?-?they?must?be?very?different.

Mmm.?Then?something?else?I'd?like?to?know?is...

?

中英对照

OK,?Stewart.?We?need?to?start?planning?our?paper?onpublic?libraries.

Stewart,我们得开始计划关于公共图书馆的论文了。

Have?you?thought?of?an?angle?yet?

你想到从哪个角度写了吗?

Well,?there's?so?much?we?could?look?into.

嗯,有很多可以着手的东西。

How?libraries?have?changed?over?the?centuries,?forinstance,?or?how?different?countries?organise?them.

比如图书馆在过去的世纪里是如何变迁的,或者各个国家对它们的组织有何不同。

What?do?you?think,?Trudie?

你觉得怎么样,Trudie.

Maybe?we?should?concentrate?on?this?country,?and?try?and?relate?the?changes?in?libraries?toexternal?developments,

也许我们应该聚焦于这个国家,试着把图书馆的变化与外部发展情况联系起来,

like?the?fact?that?far?more?people?can?read?than?a?century?ago,?and?that?the?local?populationmay?speak?lots?of?different?languages.

比如相较于100年前现在有更多的人识字和当地的人可能说着很多不同语言的事实。

We?could?include?something?about?changes?in?the?source?of?funding,?too.

我们也可以纳入一些有关图书馆资金来源变化的东西。

Yes,?but?remember?we're?only?supposed?to?write?a?short?paper,?so?it's?probably?best?if?we?don'tgo?into?funding?in?any?detail.

是的,但要记住我们要写的是一篇短论文,所以在资金方面最好不要有任何详述。

Right.?Well,?shall?we?just?brainstorm?a?few?ideas,?to?get?started?

嗯。我们现在开始对几个想法头脑风暴一下就开始好吗?

  1. We?obviously?need?to?look?at?the?impact?of?new?technology,?particularly?the?internet.

好的,很明显我们需要考虑新技术,尤其是互联网的影响。

Now?that?lots?of?books?have?been?digitalised,?people?can?access?them?from?their?own?computersat?home.

因为很多书籍都已经数字化了,所以人们在家通过自己的电脑就能读到它们。

And?if?everyone?did?that,?libraries?would?be?obsolete.

如果所有人都那样,图书馆就要被淘汰了。

Yes.?But?the?digitalised?books?that?are?available?online?for?free?are?mostly?out?of?copyright,?aren't?they?

是的。但那些可以在网上找到的数字化的书大多都是版权过期了的,是不是?

And?copyright?in?this?country?lasts?for?70?years?after?the?author?dies.

在这个国家,版权在作者死后可持续70年。

So?you?won't?find?the?latest?best-seller?or?up-to-date?information.?That's?an?important?point.

所以,你不会在网上找到最近的畅销书或者最新的信息。这一点很重要。

Anyway,?I?find?it?hard?to?concentrate?when?I'm?reading?a?long?text?on?a?screen.

不管怎么样,我发现我在屏幕上看一段长文本时很难集中注意力。

I'd?much?rather?read?a?physical?book.?And?it?takes?longer?to?read?on?a?screen.

我宁愿看实体书,而且在屏幕上看书要花更长时间。

Oh,?I?prefer?it.?I?suppose?it's?just?a?personal?preference.

啊,我更喜欢在屏幕上看书,我想这只是个人偏好问题。

Mm.?I?expect?that?libraries?will?go?on?evolving?in?the?next?few?years.

嗯,我预计在接下来的几年里图书馆将继续演变。

Some?have?already?become?centres?where?community?activities?take?place,?like?local?clubsmeeting?there.

有的图书馆已经变成开展社区活动的中心了,就像是本地社团聚会一样。

I?think?that'll?become?even?more?common.

我认为这会变得更加普遍。

I'd?like?to?think?so,?and?that?they're?still?be?serving?their?traditional?function,?but?I'm?not?sosure.

我认同,同时它们仍然会发挥自己的传统功能,不过我不是很确定。

There?are?financial?implications,?after?all.

毕竟还有财务方面的考量。

What?I'm?afraid?will?happen?is?that?books?and?magazines?will?all?disappear,?and?there'll?just?berows?and?rows?of?computers.

我害怕发生的是书籍和杂志都会消失,只剩下一排排的电脑。

They?won't?look?anything?like?the?libraries?we're?used?to.

那样的话它们就丝毫不像我们所习惯的图书馆了。

Well,?we'll?see.

嗯,我们再看看吧。

I've?just?had?an?idea.

我刚刚有了个想法。

Why?don't?we?make?an?in-depth?study?of?our?localpublic?library?as?background?to?our?paper?

我们为什么不对本地的公共图书馆做一个深入研究,作为我们论文的背景资料呢?

Yes,?that'd?be?interesting,?and?raise?all?sorts?ofissues.

嗯,那会很有趣,而且能引申出所有的问题。

Let's?make?a?list?of?possible?things?we?could?askabout,?then?work?out?some?sort?of?structure.

我们就可能会问到的事情列一个表吧,然后琢磨出问题的结构来。

For?instance,?um,?we?could?interview?some?of?the?staff,

比如说,我们可以采访一些图书馆职员,

and?find?out?whether?the?library?has?its?own?budget,?or?if?that's?controlled?by?the?localcouncil.

问清楚图书馆是否有自己的预算,还是由当地市政厅控制。

And?what?their?policies?are.

还有他们那的规矩是怎样的。

I?know?they?don't?allow?food,?but?I'd?love?to?find?out?what?types?of?noise?they?ban

我知道他们不允许在里面吃东西,但我还想知道的是他们会禁止什么样的噪音,

there?always?seems?to?be?a?lot?of?talking,?but?never?music.

那里似乎总是有很多人说话,但从来没有音乐。

I?don't?know?if?that's?a?policy?or?it?just?happens.

我不知道那是图书馆的规矩,还是只是碰巧。

Ah,?I've?often?wondered.

嗯,我也经常好奇。

Then?there?are?things?like?how?the?library?is?affected?by?employment?laws.

然后就是图书馆是怎样受雇佣法律影响的。

I?suppose?there?are?rules?about?working?hours,?facilities?for?staff,?and?so?on.

我想关于工作时间、图书馆员工设施等都有相关的规程。

Right.?Then?there?are?other?issues?relating?to?the?design?of?the?building?and?how?customers?useit.

是的。再有就是有关建筑设计和客人怎么使用它的问题。

Like?what?measures?does?the?library?take?to?ensure?their?safety?

比如说图书馆采取了什么措施来保证人们的安全。

They'd?need?floor?coverings?that?aren't?slippery,?and?emergency?exits,?for?instance.

比如说他们得有不滑的地板和紧急出口。

Oh,?and?another?thing?-?there's?the?question?of?the?kind?of?insurance?the?library?needs?to?have,?in?case?anyone?gets?injured.

啊,还有个问题,图书馆需要买什么种类的保险,以防有人受伤。

Yes,?that's?something?else?to?find?out.

嗯,这个问题也得弄清楚。

You?know?something?I've?often?wondered??What's?that?

你知道我经常好奇什么吗?什么?

Well,?you?know?they've?got?an?archive?of?local?newspapers?going?back?years?

嗯,你知道他们有本地报纸很多年的存档吗?

Well,?next?to?it?they've?got?the?diary?of?a?well-known?politician?from?the?late?19th?century.

此外,他们还有一位19世纪晚期著名政客的日记。

I?wonder?why?it's?there.

我想知道为什么它在那。

Do?you?know?what?his?connection?was?with?this?area?

你知道他跟这片区域有什么联系吗?

No?idea.?Let's?add?it?to?our?list?of?things?to?find?out.

不知道。我们把它加到我们要弄清楚的事情列表里吧。

Oh,?I've?just?thought?-?you?know?people?might?ask?in?the?library?about?local?organisations,?likesports?clubs?

啊,我刚刚想到 - 你知道人们会在图书馆问一些有关本地组织的事情吗,比如说体育俱乐部。

Well,?I?wonder?if?they?keep?a?database,?or?whether?they?just?look?online.

我想知道他们是不是有一个数据库,或者他们只是在网上查的。

Right.?I?quite?fancy?finding?out?what?the?differences?are?between?a?library?that's?open?to?thepublic?and?one?that's?part?of?a?museum,

嗯。我也很想知道向公众开放的图书馆,跟比如说属于博物馆一部分的图书馆有什么不同,

for?example?-?they?must?be?very?different.

它们一定非常不同。

Mmm.?Then?something?else?I'd?like?to?know?is...

嗯,我还想知道的事情是...

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T6S3

英文精听

Oh?good?morning.?You?must?be?James.?I'm?Beth?Cartwright?-?please?call?me?Beth.?Thank?you.

Now?as?this?is?your?first?tutorial?since?you?started?on?the?Scandinavian?Studies?

course,?I'd?like?to find?out?something?about?you.

Why?did?you?decide?to?take?this?course?

Well,?my?mom?is?Danish,?and?although?we?always?lived?in?England,

she?used?to?talk?about?her?home?a?lot,?and?that?made?me?want?to?visit?Denmark.

We?hardly?ever?did,?though?-?my?mother?usually?went?on?her?own.

But?whenever?her?relations?or?friends?were?in?England?they?always?came?to?

see?us.

I?see.?So?I?assume?you?already?speak?Danish,?one?of?the?languages?you'll?be?

studying.

I?can?get?by?when?I?talk?to?people,?though?I'm?not?terribly?accurate.

Now?you?probably?know?that?you'll?spend?the?third?year?of?the?course?abroad.

Have?you?had?any?thoughts?about?that?

I'm?really?looking?forward?to?it.

And?although?Denmark?seems?the?obvious?place?to?go,?because?of?my?family?

connections,?I'd love?to?spend?the?time?in?Iceland.

Oh,?I'm?sure?it?can?be?arranged.

Do?you?have?any?plans?for?when?you?graduate?

A?lot?of?students?go?on?to?take?a?master's?degree.

I?think?the?four?years?of?the?undergraduate?course?will?be?enough?for?me.

I'm?interested?in?journalism,?and?I?quite?like?the?idea?of?moving?to?Scandinavia?

and?writing?for magazines.

I'd?find?that?more?creative?than?translating,?which?I?suppose?most?graduates?do.

  1. Now?how?are?you?finding?the?courses?you're?taking?this?term,?James?

Well.?I'm?really?enjoying?the?one?on?Swedish?cinema.

That'll?continue?next?term,?but?the?one?on?Scandinavian?literature?that's?running?at?the?moment will?be?replaced?by?more?specialised?courses.

Oh,?and?by?the?way,?if?you're?interested?in?watching?

Danish?television?programmesthere's?going?to?be?a?course?on?that?the?term?

after?next.

That?sounds?good.

Have?you?started?thinking?about?the?literature?paper?that?you?have?to?write?in?

the?next?few weeks?

Yes,?my?first?choice?would?be?to?do?something?on?the?Icelandic?sagas.

Hmm.?The?trouble?with?that?is?that?a?lot?of?people?choose?that?topic,?and?it?can?

be?difficult?to get?hold?of?the?books?you'll?need.

Why?not?leave?that?for?another?time??Right.

You?might?find?modern?novels?or?19th?century?playwrights?interesting.

I've?read?or?seen?several?plays?in?translation,?so?that?would?be?a?good?idea.

Fine.?I'll?put?you?down?for?that?topic.

Right.?So?what?would?you?advise?me?to?aim?at?in?the?paper?

First?I?suggest?you?avoid?taking?one?writer?and?going?into?a?great?deal?of?

detail.

That?approach?certainly?has?its?place,but?I?think?you?first?need?to?get?an?

understanding?of?the?literature?in?the?context?of?the?society in?which?it?was?

producedwho?it?was?written?for,?how?it?was?published,?and?so?on.

I?also?think?that's?more?fruitful?than?placing?it?within?the?history?of?the?genre.

OK,?that?sounds?reasonable.

Could?I?ask?for?some?advice?about?writing?the?paper I'm?working?on?about?the?

Vikings?

I?have?to?do?that?this?week,?and?I'm?a?bit?stuck.

Of?course.?Have?you?decided?yet?what?to?write about?

No,?I?haven't.?There's?so?much?that?seems interesting?-?Viking?settlement?in?

other?countries,?trade,?mythology...

Well,?what?I?suggest?is?that?you?read?an?assignment?a?student?wrote?last?year,?

which?is?kept?in the?library.

It's?short?and?well?focused,?and?I'm?sure?you'll?find?it?helpful.

I'll?give?you?the?details?in?a?moment.

Textbooks?usually?cover?so?many?topics,?it?can?be?very?difficult?to?choose?

just?one.

  1. I've?got?a?DVD?of?the?film?about?the?Vikings?that?came?out?earlier?this?year.

Should?I?watch?that?again?

If?it's?the?one?I?am?thinking?of,?hmm,?I'd?ignore?it?–?

it's?more?fantasy?than?reality.

But?I've?got?a?recording?of?a?documentary?that?you?should?watch.

It?makes?some?interesting?and?provocative?points,?which?I?think?will?help?you?to?focus?your topic.

Right.?So?then?should?I?work?out?an?outline?

Yes.?Just?headings?for?different?sections?at?this?stage.

And?then?you?should?start?looking?for?suitable?articles?and?books?to?draw?on,?

and?take?notes which?you?organise?according?to?those?headings.

I?see.?Then?put?short?phrases?and?sentences?as?bullet?points?under?each?

heading.

Make?sure?that?this?skeleton?makes?sense?and?flows?properly,?before?writing?

up?the?paper?in full.

  1. Thanks,?that's?very?helpful.

?

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中英对照

Oh?good?morning.?You?must?be?James.?I'm?Beth?Cartwright?-?please?call?me?Beth.?Thank?you.

早上好,你一定是James吧,我是Beth?Cartwright,你可以叫我Beth。好的,谢谢。

Now?as?this?is?your?first?tutorial?since?you?started?on?the?Scandinavian?Studies?course,?I'd?like?to find?out?something?about?you.

鉴于这是你开始学习斯堪的纳维亚研究平安彩票稳赚平台的第一次指导课,我想了解一下你的情况。

Why?did?you?decide?to?take?this?course?

你为什么决定要学习这门平安彩票稳赚平台?

Well,?my?mom?is?Danish,?and?although?we?always?lived?in?England,

我的妈妈是丹麦人,虽然我们一直住在英格兰,

she?used?to?talk?about?her?home?a?lot,?and?that?made?me?want?to?visit?Denmark.

但她常常谈到她的家乡,那让我想去丹麦看看。

We?hardly?ever?did,?though?-?my?mother?usually?went?on?her?own.

不过我们从来没一起去过,我妈妈通常是一个人去。

But?whenever?her?relations?or?friends?were?in?England?they?always?came?to?see?us.

但无论什么时候,只要她的亲戚或是朋友在英格兰,他们总是会来看我们。

I?see.?So?I?assume?you?already?speak?Danish,?one?of?the?languages?you'll?be?studying.

我了解了。那我想你已经会说丹麦语了吧,这是你将要学习的一门语言。

I?can?get?by?when?I?talk?to?people,?though?I'm?not?terribly?accurate.

跟人们聊天还过得去,但不是特别准确。

Now?you?probably?know?that?you'll?spend?the?third?year?of?the?course?abroad.

你可能已经知道平安彩票稳赚平台的第三年是在国外度过的。

Have?you?had?any?thoughts?about?that?

关于这一点你有什么想法?

I'm?really?looking?forward?to?it.

我很期待。

And?although?Denmark?seems?the?obvious?place?to?go,?because?of?my?family?connections,?I'd love?to?spend?the?time?in?Iceland.

虽然因为家庭的关系,丹麦看起来是很明显的选择,但是我想去冰岛度过这一年。

Oh,?I'm?sure?it?can?be?arranged.

嗯,我相信这个可以安排。

Do?you?have?any?plans?for?when?you?graduate?

毕业后有什么计划吗?

A?lot?of?students?go?on?to?take?a?master's?degree.

很多学生会继续读一个硕士学位。

I?think?the?four?years?of?the?undergraduate?course?will?be?enough?for?me.

我想四年的本科平安彩票稳赚平台对我来说已经足够了。

I'm?interested?in?journalism,?and?I?quite?like?the?idea?of?moving?to?Scandinavia?and?writing?for magazines.

我对新闻业感兴趣,很想搬去斯堪的纳维亚,为杂志撰稿。

I'd?find?that?more?creative?than?translating,?which?I?suppose?most?graduates?do.

我觉得这比翻译更具创造性,我想大部分毕业生毕业后都会做翻译吧。

OK.Now?how?are?you?finding?the?courses?you're?taking?this?term,?James?

好的,这学期要学的平安彩票稳赚平台你觉得怎么样?

Well.?I'm?really?enjoying?the?one?on?Swedish?cinema.

我非常喜欢瑞典电影这门课。

That'll?continue?next?term,?but?the?one?on?Scandinavian?literature?that's?running?at?the?moment will?be?replaced?by?more?specialised?courses.

这门课下学期还会有,但目前还在上的斯堪的纳维亚文学平安彩票稳赚平台会被更加细分的平安彩票稳赚平台取代。

Oh,?and?by?the?way,?if?you're?interested?in?watching?Danish?television?programmes

顺便提一下,如果你对丹麦电视节目感兴趣,

there's?going?to?be?a?course?on?that?the?term?after?next.

下下学期会有一门相关的课。

That?sounds?good.

听起来不错。

Have?you?started?thinking?about?the?literature?paper?that?you?have?to?write?in?the?next?few weeks?

你已经开始构思接下来几个星期要写的有关斯堪的纳维亚文学的论文了吗?

Yes,?my?first?choice?would?be?to?do?something?on?the?Icelandic?sagas.

是的,我的首选是写有关冰岛传奇故事的东西。

Hmm.?The?trouble?with?that?is?that?a?lot?of?people?choose?that?topic,?and?it?can?be?difficult?to get?hold?of?the?books?you'll?need.

嗯,这么做的问题是很多人都选择了这个主题,而且要找到你需要的书可能会有困难。

Why?not?leave?that?for?another?time??Right.

为什么不把它留到以后再写呢?对。

You?might?find?modern?novels?or?19th?century?playwrights?interesting.

你或许会发现现代小说或是19世纪的戏剧都很有趣。

I've?read?or?seen?several?plays?in?translation,?so?that?would?be?a?good?idea.

我已经读过或是看到过好几部戏剧译著,所以这是个好思路。

Fine.?I'll?put?you?down?for?that?topic.

好的,我会记下你选择了这个主题。

Right.?So?what?would?you?advise?me?to?aim?at?in?the?paper?

好的。那您建议我的论文聚焦什么呢?

First?I?suggest?you?avoid?taking?one?writer?and?going?into?a?great?deal?of?detail.

首先我建议你不要选了一个作者就对其太过详述。

That?approach?certainly?has?its?place,

这种方法当然有它的道理,

but?I?think?you?first?need?to?get?an?understanding?of?the?literature?in?the?context?of?the?society in?which?it?was?produced

但我认为你首先应该在作品产生的社会背景下对它有所了解,

who?it?was?written?for,?how?it?was?published,?and?so?on.

它是为谁写的,怎么出版的等等。

I?also?think?that's?more?fruitful?than?placing?it?within?the?history?of?the?genre.

同时,我认为这样做比把它置于该类风格作品的历史中更有成效。

OK,?that?sounds?reasonable.

嗯,感觉很有道理。

Could?I?ask?for?some?advice?about?writing?the?paper I'm?working?on?about?the?

Vikings?

我正在写一篇关于维京人的论文,您能给我一些建议吗?

I?have?to?do?that?this?week,?and?I'm?a?bit?stuck.

这周我就得写好,但是现在有点卡壳。

Of?course.?Have?you?decided?yet?what?to?write about?

当然可以,你决定了要写些什么吗?

No,?I?haven't.?There's?so?much?that?seems interesting?-?Viking?settlement?in?other?countries,?trade,?mythology...

不,还没有。有很多看起来有趣的东西,维京人在其他国家的定居,贸易,神话等等。

Well,?what?I?suggest?is?that?you?read?an?assignment?a?student?wrote?last?year,?which?is?kept?in the?library.

我建议你去看一下去年一位学生写的文章,它就在图书管里。

It's?short?and?well?focused,?and?I'm?sure?you'll?find?it?helpful.

那篇文章很短而且主题明确,我相信你会发现它很有用的。

I'll?give?you?the?details?in?a?moment.

等一下我告诉你关于那篇文章的细节。

Textbooks?usually?cover?so?many?topics,?it?can?be?very?difficult?to?choose?just?one.

课本通常涵盖了很多主题,很难仅从中选择一个。

  1. I've?got?a?DVD?of?the?film?about?the?Vikings?that?came?out?earlier?this?year.

好的。我有今年早些时候发行的关于维京人的电影的DVD

Should?I?watch?that?again?

我应该再看一遍吗?

If?it's?the?one?I?am?thinking?of,?hmm,?I'd?ignore?it?-?it's?more?fantasy?than?reality.

如果是我想到的那一部,还是忽略它吧 - 那部电影更像是虚构的,而不是现实。

But?I've?got?a?recording?of?a?documentary?that?you?should?watch.

不过我有一份你该看的纪录片的录音。

It?makes?some?interesting?and?provocative?points,?which?I?think?will?help?you?to?focus?your topic.

它提出了一些有趣且具有挑动性的观点,我认为会帮助你聚焦主题。

Right.?So?then?should?I?work?out?an?outline?

好的。那接下来我要整理出一个提纲?

Yes.?Just?headings?for?different?sections?at?this?stage.

是的,目前这个阶段只要有各个部分的标题就行了。

And?then?you?should?start?looking?for?suitable?articles?and?books?to?draw?on,?and?take?notes which?you?organise?according?to?those?headings.

然后你应该开始搜索一些用于参考的合适的文章和书籍,标记下来,并根据拟好的标题整理好。

I?see.?Then?put?short?phrases?and?sentences?as?bullet?points?under?each?heading.

我知道了。再在每个标题下写下作为重点的短语和句子。

Make?sure?that?this?skeleton?makes?sense?and?flows?properly,?before?writing?up?the?paper?in full.

在写完整的论文之前,要确保文章的脉络合理,且推进得自然。

  1. Thanks,?that's?very?helpful.

好的,谢谢您,您的建议很有帮助。

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T7S3

英文精读

Dave,?I'm?worried?about?our?case?study.

I've?done?a?bit?of?reading,?but?I'm?not?sure?what's involved?in?actually?writing?a?

case?study

I?missed?the?lecture?where?Dr?Baker?talked?us through?it.

OK,?well?it's?quite?straightforward.

We've?got?our?focus?-?that's?tourism?at?the?Horton?Castle?site.

And?you?said?you'd?done?some?reading?about?it.

Yes.?I?found?some?articles?and?made?notes?of?the?main?points.

Did?you?remember?to?keep?a?record?of?where?you?got?the?information?from?

Sure.?I?know?what?a?pain?it?is?when?you?forget?that.

OK,?so?we?can?compare?what?we've?read.

Then?we?have?to?decide?on?a?particular?problem?or?need?at?our?site.

And?then?think?about?who?we're?going?to?interview?to?get?more?information.

  1. So?who'd?that?be??The?people?who?work?there?

And?presumably?some?of?the?tourists?too?

Yes,?both?those?groups.?So?we'll?have?to?go?to?the?site?to?do?that,?I?suppose.

But?we?might?also?do?some?of?our?interviewing?away?from?the?site

we?could?even?contact?some?people?here?in?the?city,?like?administrators?

involved?in?overseeing tourism.

OK.So?we'll?need?to?think?about?our?interview?questions?and?fix?times?and?

places?for?the meetings.

It's?all?going?to?take?a?lot?of?time.

Mmm.?And?if?we?can,?we?should?ask?our?interviewees?if?they?can?bring?along?

some?numerical data that?we?can?add?to?support?our?findings.

And?photographs??I?think?we?have?plenty?of?those?already.

But?Dr?Baker?also?said?we?have?to?establish?with?our?interviewees?whether?we?

can?identify them?in?our?case?study, or?whether?they?want?to?be?anonymous.

Oh,?I?wouldn't?have?thought?of?that.

OK,?once?we've?got?all?this?information,?I?suppose?we?have?to?analyse?it.

Yes,?put?it?all?together?and?choose?what's?relevant?to?the?problem?

we're?focusing?on,

and?analyse?that?carefully?to?find?out?if?we?can?identify?any?trends?or?

regularities?there.

That's?the?main?thing?at?this?stage,?rather?than?concentrating?on?details?or?

lots?of?facts.

OK.And?then?once?we've?analysed?that.?what?next?

Well,?then?we?need?to?think?about?what?we?do?with?the?data?we've?selected?to?

make?it?as?clear as?possible?to?our?readers.

Things?like?graphs,?or?tables,?or?charts...?Right.

Then?the?case?study?itself?is?mostly?quite?standard;?we?begin?by?presenting?the?

problem, and?giving?some?background,?then?go?through?the?main?sections,

but?the?thing?that?surprised?me?is?that?in?a?normal?report

we'd?end?with?some?suggestions?to?deal?with?the?problem?or?need?we?identified,

but?in?a?case?study?we?end?up?with?a?question?or?a?series?of?questions?to?our?

readers,?and?they decide?what?ought?to?be?done.

Oh,?I?hadn't?realised?that.

So?basically,?the?problem?we're?addressing?in?our?case?study?of?the?Horton?

Castle?site?is?why?so few?tourists?are?visiting?it.

And?we'll?find?out?more?from?our?interviews,?but?I?did?find?one?report?on?the?

Internet that?suggested?that?one?reason?might?be?because?as?far?as?transport?

goes,?access?is?difficult.

I?read?that?too,?but?that?report?was?actually?written?ten?years?ago,

when?the?road?there?was?really?bad,?but?that's?been?improved?now.

And?I?think?there's?plenty?of?fascinating?stuff?there?for?a?really?good?day?out,

but?you'd?never?realise?it?from?the?castle?website?-?maybe?that's?the?problem.

Yes,?it's?really?dry?and?boring.

I?read?somewhere?a?suggestion?that?what?the?castle?needs?is?a?visitor?centre.

So?we?could?have?a?look?for?some?information?about?that?on?the?internet.

What?would?we?need?to?know?

Well,?who'd?use?it?for?a?start.

It'd?be?good?to?know?what?categories?the?visitors?fell?into?too,?like?school?

parties?or?retired people,

but?I?think?we'd?have?to?talk?to?staff?to?get?that?information.

  1. And?as?we're?thinking?of?suggesting?a?visitor?centre?we'd?also?have?to?look?at?potential problems.

I?mean,?obviously?it?wouldn't?be?cheap?to?set?up.

No,?but?it?could?be?a?really?good?investment.

And?as?it's?on?a?historical?site?it'd?need?to?get?special?planning?permission,?

I?expect.

That?might?be?hard.

Right,?especially?as?the?only?possible?place?for?it?would?be?at?the?entrance,?

and?that's?right?in front?of?the?castle.?Mmm.

But?it?could?be?a?good?thing?for?the?town?of?Horton.

At?present?it's?a?bit?of?a?ghost?town.

Once?they've?left?school?and?got?any?skills?or?qualifications,

the?young?people?all?get?out?as?fast?as?they?can?to?get?jobs?in?the?city,

and?the?only?people?left?are?children?and?those?who've?retired.

Right.?Something?else?we?could?investigate?would?be?the?potential?damage?

that?tourists might?cause?to?the?castle?site,

I?mean?their?environment?impact.

At?present?the?tourist?can?just?wander?round?wherever?they?want,

but?if?numbers?increase,?there?might?have?to?be?some?restrictions,?like?sticking?

to?marked?ways.

And?there'd?need?to?be?guides?and?wardens?around?to?make?sure?these?were?

enforced.

Yes,?we?could?look?at?that?too.?OK,?well...

?

?

中英对照

Dave,?I'm?worried?about?our?case?study.

Dave,我有点担心我们的案例研究。

I've?done?a?bit?of?reading,?but?I'm?not?sure?what'sinvolved?in?actually?writing?a?case?study

我读了一点东西,但是我不确定写一个案例研究要做哪些事情,

I?missed?the?lecture?where?Dr?Baker?talked?usthrough?it.

我错过了Baker博士给我们讲这个的讲座。

OK,?well?it's?quite?straightforward.

嗯,其实是十分简单的。

We've?got?our?focus?-?that's?tourism?at?the?Horton?Castle?site.

我们已经有了主题,即Horton城堡的旅游业。

And?you?said?you'd?done?some?reading?about?it.

你说你已经读了一些东西。

Yes.?I?found?some?articles?and?made?notes?of?the?main?points.

是的,我找到了一些文章,并且记下了要点。

Did?you?remember?to?keep?a?record?of?where?you?got?the?information?from?

你记得要记下是从哪儿得到那些信息的吧?

Sure.?I?know?what?a?pain?it?is?when?you?forget?that.

当然,我知道要是忘了做这事儿会多痛苦。

OK,?so?we?can?compare?what?we've?read.

好的,那我们就能比较一下我们读过的东西了。

Then?we?have?to?decide?on?a?particular?problem?or?need?at?our?site.

然后我们得定下来我们选的景点的一个具体问题或是需要。

And?then?think?about?who?we're?going?to?interview?to?get?more?information.

紧接着就是考虑为得到更多信息要采访哪些人?

  1. So?who'd?that?be??The?people?who?work?there?

嗯,那采访哪些人呢?在那工作的人?

And?presumably?some?of?the?tourists?too?

或者再采访一些游客?

Yes,?both?those?groups.?So?we'll?have?to?go?to?the?site?to?do?that,?I?suppose.

是的,两者都要采访。我觉得我们得去景点做采访。

But?we?might?also?do?some?of?our?interviewing?away?from?the?site

不过我们也许也可以在景点之外做一些采访,

we?could?even?contact?some?people?here?in?the?city,?like?administrators?involved?in?overseeingtourism.

我们甚至可以联系一些城里的人,比如那些监管旅游业的管理者。

OK.So?we'll?need?to?think?about?our?interview?questions?and?fix?times?and?places?for?themeetings.

嗯,我们要想一想采访的问题,还得定下采访的时间地点。

It's?all?going?to?take?a?lot?of?time.

这将会花很多时间。

Mmm.?And?if?we?can,?we?should?ask?our?interviewees?if?they?can?bring?along?some?numericaldata

嗯,如果可以的话,我们应该问问受访者是否能提供一些数据,

that?we?can?add?to?support?our?findings.

我们可以将其加入到我们的案例研究中以支持我们的发现。

And?photographs??I?think?we?have?plenty?of?those?already.

还要拍照片?我想我们已经有了很多照片了。

But?Dr?Baker?also?said?we?have?to?establish?with?our?interviewees?whether?we?can?identifythem?in?our?case?study,

Baker博士还说过我们得跟受访者确认能否在案例研究中指出他们,

or?whether?they?want?to?be?anonymous.

又或者他们想匿名出现。

Oh,?I?wouldn't?have?thought?of?that.

哦,我还没想到这一点。

OK,?once?we've?got?all?this?information,?I?suppose?we?have?to?analyse?it.

一旦收集到了这些信息,我想我们就得对它进行分析。

Yes,?put?it?all?together?and?choose?what's?relevant?to?the?problem?we're?focusing?on,

是的,把所有信息汇总,然后选出跟我们聚焦的问题相关的

and?analyse?that?carefully?to?find?out?if?we?can?identify?any?trends?or?regularities?there.

进行仔细分析,以了解我们是否能在其中发现任何趋势或规律。

That's?the?main?thing?at?this?stage,?rather?than?concentrating?on?details?or?lots?of?facts.

这就是目前这个阶段的主要任务,而不是关注细节或是很多的零碎事实。

OK.And?then?once?we've?analysed?that.?what?next?

好的,那分析完了下一步做什么呢?

Well,?then?we?need?to?think?about?what?we?do?with?the?data?we've?selected?to?make?it?as?clearas?possible?to?our?readers.

嗯,然后我们就得思考要怎样处理选择出来的数据才能让我们的读者尽可能地了解清楚。

Things?like?graphs,?or?tables,?or?charts...?Right.

比如说以图片或是表格的形式。对。

Then?the?case?study?itself?is?mostly?quite?standard;?we?begin?by?presenting?the?problem,

然后案例研究的写作就相当标准化了,我们以陈述问题开始,

and?giving?some?background,?then?go?through?the?main?sections,

给出一些背景,然后开始主体部分。

but?the?thing?that?surprised?me?is?that?in?a?normal?report

但令我惊讶的是在一份正式报告中,

we'd?end?with?some?suggestions?to?deal?with?the?problem?or?need?we?identified,

我们会以一些解决问题或我们指出的需要的建议结尾,

but?in?a?case?study?we?end?up?with?a?question?or?a?series?of?questions?to?our?readers,?and?theydecide?what?ought?to?be?done.

但在案例研究中,我们是以向读者提出的一个或一系列的问题结尾,由读者决定该做什么。

Oh,?I?hadn't?realised?that.

哦,我还没有意识到这一点。

So?basically,?the?problem?we're?addressing?in?our?case?study?of?the?Horton?Castle?site?is?why?sofew?tourists?are?visiting?it.

所以,基本上,我们要在关于Horton城堡的案例研究中解决的问题就是为什么来游览的旅客这么少。

And?we'll?find?out?more?from?our?interviews,?but?I?did?find?one?report?on?the?internet

我们会从采访中发现更多信息,不过我倒是在网上找到一篇报告,

that?suggested?that?one?reason?might?be?because?as?far?as?transport?goes,?access?is?difficult.

它表示其中的一个原因或许是交通问题,因为来城堡比较困难。

I?read?that?too,?but?that?report?was?actually?written?ten?years?ago,

我也读了那篇报告,但它是十年前写的,

when?the?road?there?was?really?bad,?but?that's?been?improved?now.

那时候路况还很糟糕,不过如今已经有了改善。

And?I?think?there's?plenty?of?fascinating?stuff?there?for?a?really?good?day?out,

而且我认为城堡里有很多吸引人的东西,是外出游玩一天的好去处,

but?you'd?never?realise?it?from?the?castle?website?-?maybe?that's?the?problem.

不过这从城堡的网页上是看不出来的,也许这才是问题所在。

Yes,?it's?really?dry?and?boring.

嗯,那个网页确实乏味无聊。

I?read?somewhere?a?suggestion?that?what?the?castle?needs?is?a?visitor?centre.

我从别的地方看过一个建议是说城堡需要一个游客中心。

So?we?could?have?a?look?for?some?information?about?that?on?the?internet.

我们可以在网上找一找相关的信息。

What?would?we?need?to?know?

我们要知道些什么呢?

Well,?who'd?use?it?for?a?start.

首先是给谁用的?

It'd?be?good?to?know?what?categories?the?visitors?fell?into?too,?like?school?parties?or?retiredpeople,

要是能知道哪些类别的游客会来就好了,比如说学校团体或是退休人群,

but?I?think?we'd?have?to?talk?to?staff?to?get?that?information.

不过我觉得我们得跟那儿的工作人员谈谈才能得到这些信息。

  1. And?as?we're?thinking?of?suggesting?a?visitor?centre?we'd?also?have?to?look?at?potentialproblems.

嗯。在考虑游客中心的建议的同时,我们还得看看有什么潜在的问题。

I?mean,?obviously?it?wouldn't?be?cheap?to?set?up.

我的意思是,很明显建立游客中心并不便宜。

No,?but?it?could?be?a?really?good?investment.

不便宜,但那会是一项很好的投资。

And?as?it's?on?a?historical?site?it'd?need?to?get?special?planning?permission,?I?expect.

而且因为是在历史遗迹上,我预计得获得特别计划许可才行。

That?might?be?hard.

这或许会很难。

Right,?especially?as?the?only?possible?place?for?it?would?be?at?the?entrance,?and?that's?right?infront?of?the?castle.?Mmm.

是的,尤其是唯一的可能选址还是在入口处,而那儿正好就在城堡的前面。哎!

But?it?could?be?a?good?thing?for?the?town?of?Horton.

不过对?Horton?镇来说,这可能是件好事。

At?present?it's?a?bit?of?a?ghost?town.

现在它多少还是座鬼城。

Once?they've?left?school?and?got?any?skills?or?qualifications,

年轻人一旦离开学校,或是学会了某项技能、得到了什么资格证书,

the?young?people?all?get?out?as?fast?as?they?can?to?get?jobs?in?the?city,

就会尽快离开镇子到城里去找工作,

and?the?only?people?left?are?children?and?those?who've?retired.

留下来的人都是小孩子和退休的人。

Right.?Something?else?we?could?investigate?would?be?the?potential?damage?that?touristsmight?cause?to?the?castle?site,

是的。其他可以调研的事情就是游客可能给城堡遗迹造成的潜在破坏,

I?mean?their?environment?impact.

我是指他们的环境影响。

At?present?the?tourist?can?just?wander?round?wherever?they?want,

目前游客们可以想到哪逛就到哪逛,

but?if?numbers?increase,?there?might?have?to?be?some?restrictions,?like?sticking?to?marked?ways.

但是如果游客数量增加,或许就得加以限制,比如说只能在标记好的路线上游览。

And?there'd?need?to?be?guides?and?wardens?around?to?make?sure?these?were?enforced.

而且得有导游和督察员确保这些举措得以实行。

Yes,?we?could?look?at?that?too.?OK,?well...

是的,这些也可以考虑。好的,那...

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T8S3

英文精听

Joe,?you?know?I'm?giving?a?presentation?in?our?film studies?class?next?week??Yes.

Well,?could?we?discuss?it??I?could?do?with?getting someone?else's?opinion.

Of?course,?Katie.?What?are?you?going?to?talk?about?

It's?about?film?adaptations?of?Shakespeare's?plays.

I've?got?very?interested?in?all?the?different?approaches?that?film?directors?take.?

Uhuh.

So?I?thought?I'd?start?with?Giannetti,?who's?a?professor?of?film?and?literature,

and?in?one?of?his?books?he?came?up?with?a?straightforward?classification?of?film?adaptations based?on?how?faithful?they?are?to?the?original?plays?and?novels.

Right.?I've?already?made?some?notes?on?that,?so?I?just?need?to?sort?those?out?

before?the presentation.

I?thought?that?next?I'd?ask?the?class?to?come?up?with?the?worst?examples?of?

Shakespeare adaptations?that?they've?seen,?and?to?say?why.

That?should?be?more?fun?than?having?their?favourite?versions.

Yes,?I?can?certainly?think?of?a?couple!

Right.?Next?I?want?to?talk?about?Rachel?Malchow.

I?came?across?something?on?the?internet?about?her?work?on?film?adaptations,?

and?I?was?thinking of?showing?some?film?clips?to?illustrate?her?ideas.

Will?you?have?enough?time,?though??Both?to?prepare?and?during?the?

presentation?

After?all,?I?doubt?if?you'll?be?able?to?find?all?the?clips?you?want.

Hmm.?Perhaps?you're?right.

OK,?well,?I'd?better?do?some?slides?instead,?saying?how?various?films?relate?to?

what?she?says.

That?should?encourage?discussion.?Mmm.

Next?I?want?to?say?something?about?how?plays?may?be?chosen?for?adaptation?

because?they're concerned?with?issues?of?the?time?when?the?film?is?made.

You?mean?things?like?patriotism,?or?the?role?of?governments?

Exactly.?It's?quite?tricky,?but?I've?got?a?few?ideas?I'd?like?to?discuss.

And?finally?I?want?to?talk?about?a?few?adaptations?that?I?think?illustrate?a?range?

Of approaches,?and?make?some?comments?on?them.

Do?you?know?the?Japanese?film?Ran?

I?haven't?seen?it.?It?was?based?on?Shakespeare's?King?Lear,?wasn't?it?

That's?right.?It?was?a?very?loose?adaptation,?using?the?same?situation?and?story,?

but?moving?it to?16th?century?Japan?instead?of?16th?century?Britain.

So?for?example?the?king's?daughters?become?sons,?because?in?Japanese?culture?at?that?time,?women?couldn't?succeed?to?the?throne.

OK.I?hope?you're?going?to?talk?about?that?1993?film?of?Much?Ado?About?Nothing.

I?think?that's?one?of?the?best?Shakespeare?films.

It?really?brings?the?play?to?life,?doesn't?it?

Yes,?I?agree.?And?I?think?filming?it?in?Italy,?where?the?play?is?set,?makes?you?see?

what?life?was like?at?the?time?of?the?play.

Absolutely.?Right,?what's?next?

Er,?next,?I?thought?Romeo?And?Juliet,?the?1996?film,?which?moves?the?action?

into?the?present day.

Yes,?it?worked?really?well,?I?thought?-?changing?the?two?feuding?families?in?the?

original?to?two competing?business?empires,

even?though?they're?speaking?in?the?English?of?the?original?play.

You'd?expect?it?would?sound?really?bizarre,?but?I?found?I?soon?got?used?to?it.

Me?too.?Then?I?thought?I'd?include?a?real?Hollywood?film,?one?that's?intended?to?appeal?to?a mass?commercial?audience.

There?must?be?quite?a?number?of?those.

Yes,?but?I've?picked?the?1996?film?of?Hamlet.

It?included?every?line?of?the?text,?but?it's?more?like?a?typical?action?hero?movie

there?are?loads?of?special?effects,?but?no?unifying?interpretation?of?the?play.?All

show?and?no substance.

Exactly.?Then?there's?Prospero's?Books,?based?on?The?Tempest.

That?was?really?innovative,?from?a?stylistic?point?of?view.

Didn't?it?include?dance?and?singing?and?animation,?as?well?as?live?actors?

Yes,?it?did.?I?also?want?to?mention?Looking?for?Richard.?Did?you?ever?see?it?

No,?but?I've?read?about?it.

It?was?a?blend?of?documentary?with?a?few?scenes?from?Richard?III,?wasn't?it?

That's?right.?It's?more?a?way?of?looking?into?how?people?nowadays?connect?with?

the?playwright-?the?play?is?really?just?the?starting?point.

And?that'll?be?where?I?finish.

Well,?it?sounds?as?though?it'll?be?very?interesting.

?

中英对照

Joe,?you?know?I'm?giving?a?presentation?in?our?filmstudies?class?next?week??Yes.

Joe,你知道我要在咱们下周的电影研究课上做汇报吗?知道。

Well,?could?we?discuss?it??I?could?do?with?gettingsomeone?else's?opinion.

我们能讨论一下吗?我想听听别人的意见。

Of?course,?Katie.?What?are?you?going?to?talk?about?

当然可以,你要讲的是什么呢?

It's?about?film?adaptations?of?Shakespeare's?plays.

讲的是莎士比亚戏剧的电影改编。

I've?got?very?interested?in?all?the?different?approaches?that?film?directors?take.?Uhuh.

我对电影导演采用的不同改编方法很感兴趣。嗯。

So?I?thought?I'd?start?with?Giannetti,?who's?a?professor?of?film?and?literature,

我想从?Giannetti?开始,他是一位电影和文学教授,

and?in?one?of?his?books?he?came?up?with?a?straightforward?classification?of?film?adaptationsbased?on?how?faithful?they?are?to?the?original?plays?and?novels.

在他的一本书中,他基于电影对原剧本和小说的忠实程度提出了一种电影改编的直接分类方法。

Right.?I've?already?made?some?notes?on?that,?so?I?just?need?to?sort?those?out?before?thepresentation.

嗯。关于这些我已经做了一些笔记,所以我只需要在汇报前整理清楚就行。

I?thought?that?next?I'd?ask?the?class?to?come?up?with?the?worst?examples?of?Shakespeareadaptations?that?they've?seen,?and?to?say?why.

接下来我会在班上问大家看过哪些最糟糕的莎士比亚戏剧改编电影,并问问大家为什么。

That?should?be?more?fun?than?having?their?favourite?versions.

这应该比问看过最好的是哪些要有趣。

Yes,?I?can?certainly?think?of?a?couple!

是的,我一定能想出几部来。

Right.?Next?I?want?to?talk?about?Rachel?Malchow.

嗯,再接下来我想谈谈?Rachel?Malchow.

I?came?across?something?on?the?internet?about?her?work?on?film?adaptations,?and?I?was?thinkingof?showing?some?film?clips?to?illustrate?her?ideas.

我在网上偶然看到过一些东西,是有关她关于电影改编的作品的。我想到时候放一些电影片段来阐述她的想法。

Will?you?have?enough?time,?though??Both?to?prepare?and?during?the?presentation?

不过你有足够的时间吗?除了准备材料,还有汇报期间的时间够吗?

After?all,?I?doubt?if?you'll?be?able?to?find?all?the?clips?you?want.

我终究还是怀疑你能不能找到你想要的所有的电影片段。

Hmm.?Perhaps?you're?right.

嗯,也许你是对的。

OK,?well,?I'd?better?do?some?slides?instead,?saying?how?various?films?relate?to?what?she?says.

那我最好做一些幻灯片来代替,讲一讲不同的电影是怎么跟她所说的联系起来的。

That?should?encourage?discussion.?Mmm.

这应该会对大家的讨论起到鼓励作用。嗯。

Next?I?want?to?say?something?about?how?plays?may?be?chosen?for?adaptation?because?they'reconcerned?with?issues?of?the?time?when?the?film?is?made.

接下来我想谈谈戏剧是如何因为与电影制作时的某些事件产生联系而被选中进行改编的。

You?mean?things?like?patriotism,?or?the?role?of?governments?

你是说比如爱国主义或是政府角色之类的东西?

Exactly.?It's?quite?tricky,?but?I've?got?a?few?ideas?I'd?like?to?discuss.

是的,这很复杂,但是我已经有了几个想要讨论的想法。

And?finally?I?want?to?talk?about?a?few?adaptations?that?I?think?illustrate?a?range?ofapproaches,?and?make?some?comments?on?them.

最后我想谈谈几部我认为阐释了一些列改编方法的改编电影,并对它们做一些评论。

Do?you?know?the?Japanese?film?Ran?

你知道那部日本电影?Ran?吗?

I?haven't?seen?it.?It?was?based?on?Shakespeare's?King?Lear,?wasn't?it?

我没看过,它是根据莎士比亚的李尔王改编的是吗?

That's?right.?It?was?a?very?loose?adaptation,?using?the?same?situation?and?story,?but?moving?itto?16th?century?Japan?instead?of?16th?century?Britain.

是的。那是一个非常自由的改编,使用了同样的情节和故事,不过把它们搬到了16世纪的日本,而不是16世纪的英国。

So?for?example?the?king's?daughters?become?sons,?because?in?Japanese?culture?at?that?time,?women?couldn't?succeed?to?the?throne.

所以原剧中国王的女儿变成了儿子,因为在那时的日本文化中,女性是不能继承王位的。

OK.I?hope?you're?going?to?talk?about?that?1993?film?of?Much?Ado?About?Nothing.

嗯。我希望你能谈谈1993年的那部?Much?Ado?About?Nothing.

I?think?that's?one?of?the?best?Shakespeare?films.

我认为那是最好的莎士比亚戏剧改编电影之一。

It?really?brings?the?play?to?life,?doesn't?it?

它真正地赋予了那出剧生命力,对吧?

Yes,?I?agree.?And?I?think?filming?it?in?Italy,?where?the?play?is?set,?makes?you?see?what?life?waslike?at?the?time?of?the?play.

对,我同意。而且我认为在意大利拍摄,也就是原剧设定的地点,能让人看到创作该剧时人们的生活是什么样的。

Absolutely.?Right,?what's?next?

绝对是。那接下来呢?

Er,?next,?I?thought?Romeo?And?Juliet,?the?1996?film,?which?moves?the?action?into?the?presentday.

呃,接下来,我想谈谈1996年的电影--Romeo?And?Juliet,这部电影把故事背景移到了现代。

Yes,?it?worked?really?well,?I?thought?-?changing?the?two?feuding?families?in?the?original?to?twocompeting?business?empires,

是的,将原剧中两个不和的家族改编为两个相互竞争的商业帝国,

even?though?they're?speaking?in?the?English?of?the?original?play.

即使他们说的还是原剧里的英语,我也认为这样做非常棒。

You'd?expect?it?would?sound?really?bizarre,?but?I?found?I?soon?got?used?to?it.

你会预期到那听起来会很奇怪,不过我发现我很快就习惯了。

Me?too.?Then?I?thought?I'd?include?a?real?Hollywood?film,?one?that's?intended?to?appeal?to?amass?commercial?audience.

我也是。然后我想我会讲一部真正的好莱坞电影,一部想要吸引大量观众的商业电影。

There?must?be?quite?a?number?of?those.

这种电影一定有很多。

Yes,?but?I've?picked?the?1996?film?of?Hamlet.

是的,但是我已经选了1996年的?Hamlet.

It?included?every?line?of?the?text,?but?it's?more?like?a?typical?action?hero?movie

这部电影包含了原剧里的所有台词,不过它更像是一部典型的动作英雄电影,

there?are?loads?of?special?effects,?but?no?unifying?interpretation?of?the?play.?All?show?and?nosubstance.

有很多的特效,但是没有对原剧的统一的解读。华而不实。

Exactly.?Then?there's?Prospero's?Books,?based?on?The?Tempest.

是的。然后就是?Prospero's?Books,根据?The?Tempest?改编的。

That?was?really?innovative,?from?a?stylistic?point?of?view.

从风格角度来说,这部电影真的很有创新性。

Didn't?it?include?dance?and?singing?and?animation,?as?well?as?live?actors?

这部电影里是不是既有舞蹈、唱歌、动画,又有真实的演员啊?

Yes,?it?did.?I?also?want?to?mention?Looking?for?Richard.?Did?you?ever?see?it?

是的。我还想提一下?Looking?for?Richard,你有看过吗?

No,?but?I've?read?about?it.

没有,但我读到过相关的东西。

It?was?a?blend?of?documentary?with?a?few?scenes?from?Richard?III,?wasn't?it?

它是纪录片和?Richard?III?中几个场景的结合,是吧?

That's?right.?It's?more?a?way?of?looking?into?how?people?nowadays?connect?with?the?playwright-?the?play?is?really?just?the?starting?point.

对。这次汇报更像是在观察现在的人们是如何跟剧作家联系在一起的,戏剧正是这一切的起点。

And?that'll?be?where?I?finish.

我的汇报就到这结束。

Well,?it?sounds?as?though?it'll?be?very?interesting.

嗯,听起来像是会很有趣的样子。

?

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