Use correct synonyms in your writing.
Use a range of vocabulary.
Do not repeat words and phrases from the exam question unless there is no alternative.
Use less common vocabulary.
Do not use the same word more than once/twice.
Use precise and accurate words in a sentence.
说明的主要内容包括 3 点:
The given /the supplied /the presented /the shown /the provided/the
图表类型 Presentation Type
diagram /table /figure /illustration /graph /chart /flow chart / picture/presentation/pie chart /bar graph/column graph /line graph / table data/data /information /pictorial/process diagram/map/pie chart and table/bar graph and pie chart ...
shows /represents /depicts /enumerates /illustrates /presents/gives / provides /delineates/outlines/describes /delineates/expresses/outlines/ denotes/compares/shows contrast /indicates /figures /gives data on / gives information on/presents information about/shows data about/ demonstrates/outlines/summarises...
the comparison of./the differences./the changes.../the number of./information on./data on./the proportion of./the amount of./information on.../data about.../comparative data.../the trend of.../the percentages of...
1.The provided diagram shows data on employment categories in energy producing sectors in Europe starting from 1925 and till 1985.
2.The given pie charts represent the proportion of male and female employee in 6 broad categories, divided into manual and non-manual occupations in Freedonia.
3.The supplied bar graph compares the number of male and female graduated in three developing countries while the table data presents the overall literacy rate in these countries.
1 \。一开始一定要 “惊艳”，这决定了考官的第一印象和你的整体分数。
3.开头的介绍和整体趋势最好用同一段文字写，字数在 75-80 字左右。
A glance at the graphs reveals that 70% male were employed in 2001 while 40 thousand women in this year had jobs."
?A glance at the graphs reveals that more men were employed than their female counterpart in 2001 and almost two-third females were jobless in the same year. "
单独阐述，并将两者与 while 连接起来
The given bar graph shows the amount spent on fast food items in 2009 in the UK while the pie chart presents a comparison of people 's ages who spent more on fast food.
你也可以使用 in combination 来一起解释主要信息。
The two pie charts and the column graph in combination depicts a picture of the crime in Australia from 2005 to 2015 and the percentages of young offenders during this period.
As is observed
As a general trend
As can be seen
As an overall trend
As is presented
It can be clearly seen that
At the first glance
it is clear
At the onset
it is clear that
A glance at the graphs reveals that...
1.In general, the employment opportunity has increased till 1970 and has dropped down afterwards.
2.As is observed, the figures for imprisonment in the five mentioned countries show no overall pattern of increase or decrease rather shows the considerable fluctuation from country to country.
3.Generally speaking, USA had a far more standard life than all the other 4 mentioned countries.
4.As can be seen, the highest number of passengers used the London Underground station at 8: 00 in the morning and at 6: 00 in the evening.
5.As an overall trend, the number of crimes reported increased fairly rapidly until the mid-seventies, remained constant for five years and finally, dropped to 20 cases a week after 1982.
根据图表的数量和类型，描述段落最多不超过 3 段。
As is presented in the diagram(s)/graph(s)/pie chart(s)/table...
As (is) shown in the illustration...
As can be seen in the...
As the diagrams suggest...
According to the...
Getting back to the details...
Now, turning to the details....
The table data clearly shows that...
The diagram reveals that...
The data suggest that...
The graph gives figure...
It is interesting to note that...
It is apparently seen that...
It is conspicuous that...
It is explicitly observed that...
It is obvious...
It is clear from the data...
It is worth noticing that...
It can be clearly observed that...
It could be plainly viewed that...
It could be noticed that...
We can see that...
rise /increase /go up /uplift /rocket(ed) /climb /upsurge /soar/shot up/improve/jump/leap/move upward/skyrocket/soar/surge.
a rise /an increase /an upward trend /a growth /a leap /a jump /an (195)/(196)
fall /decrease /decline /plummet /plunge /drop /reduce /collapse / deterioriate/dip /dive /go down /take a nosedive /slum /slide /go into free-fall.
a fall /a decrease /a reduction /a downward trends /a downward tendency /a decline/a drop /a slide /a collapse /a downfall.
unchanged /level out /remain constant /remain steady /plateau /remain the same /remain stable /remain static/level off /prevail consistency / plateaued /reach(ed) a plateau /stay uniform /immutable /stabilise/
a steadiness/a plateau /a stability/a static/No change /a flat
Gradual increase 逐渐上升
an upward trend /an upward tendency /a ceiling trend
Gradual decrease 逐渐下降
a downward trend /a downward tendency /a descending trend
1.The expenditure of the office remained constant for the last 6 months but the profit rose by almost 25%.
2.There was a 15% drop in the student enrollment of the University.
3.The population of the country remained almost the same as it was 2 years ago.
1 \。“improve”/“an improvement” 更适合描述经济形势, 如果要描述特定的数字，则应使用其他词汇，如 increase;